National Institute of Communicable Diseases

The NICD will be a resource of knowledge and expertise in regionally relevant communicable diseases to the South African Government, to SADC countries and the African continent, in order to assist in the planning of policies and programmes and to support appropriate responses to communicable disease problems and issues.


  • To be the national organ for South Africa for public health surveillance of communicable diseases.

  • To collect, analyse and interpret communicable diseases data on an ongoing and systematic basis.

  • To continuously and systematically monitor for the emergence of new infectious diseases and for the re-emergence or re-appearance of previously controlled infectious diseases or the importation of exotic infectious diseases.

  • To detect outbreaks or epidemics at an early stage in order to be able to timeously and effectively respond to them, or to anticipate imminent outbreaks or epidemics by investigation, research and analysis of data.

  • To engage in directed and relevant research to answer questions related to regional public health communicable diseases problems and their surveillance and management.

  • To establish formal structures for the rapid and continuous dissemination of data and information generated from NICD to all who need to know.

  • To build capacity in communicable diseases nationally and regionally.

  • To provide a reference function to communicable diseases laboratories in the public and private sectors nationally and regionally.


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